Essay about Biologically Crucial Molecules

BIOLOGICALLY IMPORTANT ELEMENTS

Abstract

Chemical substances containing the element carbon dioxide, called organic compounds, are the most important substances that make up living organisms. There are thousands and thousands of numerous organic substances. To identify the major types of organic chemical substances in living organisms, a lot of biochemical evaluation were used.

Launch

Organic molecules will be those primarily made up of co2, hydrogen and oxygen. The normal organic ingredients of living organisms will be carbohydrates, protein, lipids, and nucleic stomach acids. Each of these macromolecules (polymers) are constructed of smaller subunits (monomers). The bonds between these subunits are produced by dehydration synthesis. This method requires strength; a molecule of water is eliminated (dehydration) and a covalent bond is between the subunits. Breaking this kind of bond is called hydrolysis; it requires the addition of a water molecule and produces energy. Each class of the macromolecules provides different buildings and homes. For example , lipids (composed of fatty acids) have many C-H bonds and relatively very little oxygen, while proteins (composed of amino acids) possess amino groupings (-NH3+) and carboxyl (-COOH) groups. These types of characteristic subunits and substance groups give different real estate to the macromolecules. For example , monosaccharides such as sugar are polar and sencillo in normal water, whereas lipids are non-polar and insoluble in drinking water. There are several substance tests readily available for the identity of the significant types of organic compounds in living organisms. Commonly these checks are used to determine the make-up of an unfamiliar material. Throughout the experiment the detective analyzes the unknown's response to the experimental process with the control's response to that same treatment. Controls are very important because they will reveal the specificity of your particular test. A positive control contains the variable for which you will be testing. This produces a great reaction and demonstrates...



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