Saani Awan Essay

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Chapter you - Advantages

Computer Architecture and Firm

Miles Murdocca and Vincent Heuring

Chapter 1 – Introduction

Computer Architecture and Organization by M. Murdocca and V. Heuring

© 2007 M. Murdocca and V. Heuring

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Chapter 1 - Introduction

Phase Contents

1 ) 1 A Brief History of Computer 1 . a couple of The Vonseiten Neumann Version 1 . a few The System Bus Model 1 . 4 Amounts of Machines 1 . 5 A standard Computer System 1 . 7 Organization of the Book 1 . almost 8 Case Study: What Happened to Supercomputers?

Computer Architecture and Corporation by M. Murdocca and V. Heuring

© 2007 M. Murdocca and Versus. Heuring

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Chapter 1 - Introduction

Some Definitions

• Pc architecture handles the practical behavior of any computer system as viewed with a programmer (such the size of a data type – 32 parts to an integer). • Computer system organization deals with structural interactions that are not visible to the programmer (like time frequency or maybe the size of the physical memory). • There exists a concept of amounts in pc architecture. The essential idea is that there are many levels at which a pc can be considered, through the highest level, where the customer is jogging programs, towards the lowest level, including transistors and wires.

Computer Architecture and Organization simply by M. Murdocca and Versus. Heuring

© 2007 M. Murdocca and V. Heuring

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Section 1 -- Introduction

Wolf Radius Bone fragments

• Wolf radius cuboid ca. 25, 000–30, 1000 B. C. showing fifty five cuts in groups of five, suggesting a rudimentary form of multiplication or perhaps division.

(Source: Illustrated Birmingham News, August 2, 1937. )

Computer Architecture and Organization simply by M. Murdocca and Versus. Heuring

© 2007 M. Murdocca and V. Heuring

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Section 1 -- Introduction

Tally Sticks

• Original wood made tally stays from Westminster, England, los angeles. 1250–1275 A. D.

(© SSPL/The ImageWorks. )

Pc Architecture and Organization by M. Murdocca and V. Heuring

© 2007 M. Murdocca and V. Heuring

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Section 1 - Introduction

Oriental Abacus

• Representation of 39, 017 on a China abacus.

Pc Architecture and Organization by simply M. Murdocca and Versus. Heuring

© 2007 Meters. Murdocca and V. Heuring

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Section 1 - Introduction

Cylinder Music Box

• Even victorian Swiss tube music container, dated 1862.

(Source: http://www.liveauctioneers.com/auctions/ebay/497199.html.) Computer Structure and Firm by M. Murdocca and V. Heuring © 2007 M. Murdocca and V. Heuring

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Chapter one particular - Introduction

Pascal's Establishing Machine

• Performs simple arithmetic operations (early to mid 1600's). Does not have what may be considered the simple parts of a pc.

(Source: IBM Archives photo. )

Pc Architecture and Organization simply by M. Murdocca and Sixth is v. Heuring

© 2007 Meters. Murdocca and V. Heuring

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Chapter 1 -- Introduction

Babbage's Difference Engine #1

• Working portion of Babbage's Big difference Engine No . 1, which can be the first known automatic calculator.

(© SSPL/The ImageWorks. )

Computer system Architecture and Organization by simply M. Murdocca and Versus. Heuring © 2007 M. Murdocca and V. Heuring

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Chapter 1 - Introduction

The Jacquard Pattern Weaving Loom

• The Jacquard pattern weaving weaving loom (ca. 1804).

(Source: The Deutsches Museum. )

Computer Architecture and Organization simply by M. Murdocca and Sixth is v. Heuring

© 2007 Meters. Murdocca and V. Heuring

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Chapter 1 -- Introduction

Stew

• Siemens Halkse T-52 Sturgeon (Enigma) cipher machine.

(Photo and copy politeness John Alexander, G7GCK Leicester, England. ) Computer Buildings and Firm by M. Murdocca and V. Heuring © 3 years ago M. Murdocca and V. Heuring

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Chapter you - Advantages

Colossus

• The Colossus (ca. 1944).

(Source: http://www.turing.org.uk/turing/scrapbook/electronic.html.) Computer Buildings and Organization by M. Murdocca and V. Heuring © 2007 M. Murdocca and V. Heuring

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Chapter one particular - Intro

The ENIAC...



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